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Year of Establishment: 1974

Total Area: 1676.93 sq. km.

Status of the Area:
Forests
Non Forests
Total
Gugamal National Park 361.28 sq. km.
-
361.28 sq. km.
Melghat Sanctuary 767.36 sq. km 21.39 sq. km. 788.75 sq. km.
Area other than N.P. & Sanctuary 469.75 sq. km. 57. 15 sq. km. 526.90 sq. km.

Objectives

  • 1. To maintain viable Tiger Populations.
  • 2. To preserve the national heritage for Posterity.

    Management Activities

  • 1. Protection of Forests and Wildlife - Patrolling, watch and ward, fire protection.
  • 2. Development Works - Habitat improvement and maintainance.
  • 3. Extenstion and Education - Tourism and interpretation, eco-development, welfare activities for tribals, medicinal plant conservation, establishment of two nurseries of medicial plants and a conservation area of 635 hectars. 4. Research - Wildlife estimation, vegetation monitoring, weather monitoring, predatator movement monitoring. Demographic Details
    N.P.
    Sanctuary
    Other Areas of P.T.
    Area Under Cultivation
    -
    21.39 sq. km.
    57.15 sq. km.
    Number of Villages
    -
    22
    39
    Human Population
    -
    9160
    15506
    Cattle Population
    -
    11024
    15642

    Natural Attributes

  • 1. Flora - There are 90 tree species, 66 shrub species, 316 herb species, 56 climbers, 23 sedge species and 99 grass species. Approximately 50-75 more species have been identired and several more are expected to identified in the future at the Melghat Tiger Preserve.
  • 2. Avifauna - There are 260 species of birds in the published check list of the Melghat Preserve.
  • 3. Fauna - Tiger, panther, sloth bear, wild dog, jackal, hyena, chausinga, sambar (largest deer on earth). gaur, barking deer, ratel, flying squirrel, cheetal (type of deer), nilgai, wild boar, langur, rhesus monkey, macaque are found. The animals here are well known for their shyness and hence are inherently elusive.
    Animal
    Approx. Number
    Tigers
    70 -75
    Panthers
    80 - 85
    Sambar
    2000 - 2500
    Guar
    2000 - 2500

    Staff: 185

    Communication:

  • 1. Vehicles - minibus 3; tractors 3; cars 1; jeeps 1; gyspies 2; motorbikes 6.
  • 2. Wireless Network - 13 wireless stations
  • 3. Road Length in Km/Number - tar road 150/7; fair weather road 550/50.
  • 4. Forest Rest Houses - Rangubeli, Tarubanda, Dhakna, Kolkaz, Chaurakund, Jarida, Raipur, Hatru, Chunkhedi, Makhala, Dhargad, Chikhaldara. Total = 12.
  • 5. Check Gates - Twelve (12) total.

    Expenditure & Revenue (Rupees in thousands):
    1997-98
    1996-97
    1995-96
    Plan Non Plan Plan Non Plan Plan Non Plan Plan
    Expenditure
    6779
    10853
    5529
    9888
    7412
    10820
    Revenue
    310
    217
    84
    Man Days
    149
    152
    173

    Cases of Wild Animal Attacks on Humans:
    Year Human Deaths Human Injuries Number of Cases Conpensation Paid (Rupees)
    1995-96
    1 (bear attack)
    6
    7
    21,600
    1996-97
    1 (tiger attack)
    6
    7
    21,200
    1997-98
    1 (tiger attack)
    11
    12
    44,572