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THE TIGER AT A GLANCE

1998

Tiger Sub-species

Minimum

Maximum

Source *

Bengal (Indian) tiger P.t. tigris (Linnaeus 1758)

(3,159)

(4,715)


Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Myanmar




Bangladesh

362

362

1

Bhutan

50

240

2a,b

China

30

35

3

India

2,500

3,750

4a,b

Myanmar, Western

124

231

5

Nepal

93

97

6

Caspian (Turan/Hyrcanian) tiger P.t. virgata (Illiger 1815)




Formerly Afghanistan, Iran, Chinese and Russian Turkestan, Turkey

Extinct 1970s


Amur (Siberian/Ussuri/Manchurian/North-East China tiger

(445)

(511)


P.t. altaica (Temminck 1844)




China

30

35

3

Korea (North)

<10

<10

7

Russia

415

476

8

Javan tiger P.t. sondaica (Temminck 1844)

Extinct 1980s

South China (Amoy) tiger P.t. amoyensis (Hilzheimer 1905)

20

30

3

Bali tiger P.t. balica (Schwarz 1912)

Extinct 1940s

Sumatran tiger P.t. sumatrae Pocock 1929

400

500

9

Indo-Chinese tiger P.t. corbetti Mazák 1968

(1,227)

(1,785)


Cambodia

150

300

10

China

30

40

3

Laos

Present


Malaysia

491

510

11

Myanmar, Eastern

106

234

5

Thailand

250

501

12a,b

Vietnam

200

200

13

TOTALS

5,251

7,541


ROUNDED TOTALS (nearest 500)

5,000

7,500




Major population: With 912 tigers reported by a 1993 census, Madhya Pradesh State (India) holds about one sixth of the remaining world population of tigers. Although the state has 22 wildlife sanctuaries and national parks (including five tiger reserves) containing tigers, poaching incidents continue; 50 such incidents were reported over a six month period in early 1995.16


Sources of Table I

  1. Jalil, S.M. 1998. Bengal tiger in Bangladesh. Unpubl. Report to Year of the Tiger Conference, Dallas, US. 2a. Sherpa, M.N. 1993. Reply to questionnaire. Cat Specialist Group, Bougy,CH
  2. b Dorji, P., & Santiapillai, C. 1989. Status, distribution and conservation of the tiger in Bhutan. Biological Conservation 48 (311- 319).
  3. Wang Wei. 1998. Status of tigers in China and conservation strategies. Unpubl. report to Year of the Tiger Conference, Dallas, US
  4. a. Thapar, V. 1994. pers. comm.
  5. b Project Tiger. 1993. All India Tiger Census Report. Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi. IN.
  6. Uga, U., and Thang, A. 1998. Review and revision of the National Tiger Action Plan (1996) of Myanmar. Unpub. Report to Year of the Tiger Conference, Dallas, US .
  7. Anon. 1997. Tiger Action Plan for the Kingdom of Nepal. Unpubl. report to Year of the Tiger Conference, Dallas, US.
  8. Pak U-Il. 1994. in litt.
  9. Matyushkin, E.N., Pikunov, D.G., Dunishenko, Y.M., Miquelle, D.G., Nikolaev, I.N., Smirnov, E.N., Salkina, G., Abramov, V.K., Basylnikov, V. Yudin, V.G., & Korkishko, V.G. 1996. Numbers, distribution, and habitat status of the Amur tiger in the Russian Far East: Express Report. USAID Russian Far East Environmental Policy and Technology Project Report. Vladivostok, RU (in Russian and English).
  10. Wartaputra, S., Soemarna, K., Ramono, W., Manangsang, J., & Tilson, R. 1994. Indonesian Sumatran Tiger Conservation Strategy. Directorate-General of Forest Protection & Nature Conservation, Djakarta, ID.
  11. Samith, C., Sophana, V, Vuthy, L. & Rotha, K.S. 1995. Tiger and prey species. Report presented at training course, International Centre for Conservation of Biology, Lanchang, MY
  12. Jasmi bin Abdul. 1998. The distribution & management of the Malayan tiger in Peninsular Malaysia. Abstract presented at Year of the Tiger Conference, Dallas, US.
  13. a Rabinowitz, A. 1993. Estimating the Indochinese tiger population in Thailand. Biological Conservation 65 (213-217).
  14. b Anon. 1998. Thailand's tiger action plan. Report presented to Year of the Tiger Conference, Dallas, US.
  15. Bao, T.C., Nhat, P, Dang, N.X., Phu, T.K., Hoi, N.V., Thanh, V.N., Luong, L.V., Thank, & N.H., Nguyen, D.D. 1995. Tiger Conservation in Vietnam: Status and problems. Report presented at training course, International Centre for Conservation of Biology, Lanchang, MY


Copyright 1996, The World Wide Fund For Nature